[Grammar – Compound] Learning English and Japanese together 両方 and,and,and

This is a multi-part weekly section on learning grammar because I think a lot of times my grammar needs to be improved and Japanese find it harder to master English grammar as well.

Tae-Kim’s Learning Japanese is a great guide for grammar to follow and I will take time to go through parts that I want to learn and go over.






First go over the beginning guide for Japanese verb conjugation(食べる、食べます、食べない、食べません、食べませんでした) and the special cases (いく、する、くる)

Today’s grammar will be on Compound, connection words together in both Japanese and English.


“It is very easy to combine a chain of nouns and adjectives to describe a person or object. For example, in English if we wanted to say, “He is X. He is Y. He is Z.” since all three sentences have the same noun, we would usually say, “He is X, Y, and Z.” In Japanese, we can do the same thing by conjugating the noun or adjective. The last noun or adjective remains the same as before.


How to chain nouns and adjectives together

  • For nouns and na-adjectives: Attach 「で」 to the noun or na-adjective.

  • Examples

    1. 一般的 → 一般的で

    2. 静か → 静かで

  • For i-adjectives and negative noun/adjectives: Replace the 「い」 with 「くて」.

  • ※For 「いい」 and 「かっこいい」, the 「い→よ」 exception applies here as well.

  • Examples

    1. 狭い → 狭くて

    2. 彼女じゃない → 彼女じゃなくて

    3. いい → よくて

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